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Obesity – the continuously growing threat
The continuous increase in body weight observed inmost of the so-called ‘ civilised’ countries worldwide over the last few decades is contributing to a health economics problem of immense dimensions. Obesity-associated morbidities, with type 2 diabetes mellitus being the most prominent, are responsible for a continuously growing financial burden to every social and health care system.
The main reason for this problem is the observed increase of overconsumption of food due to a lack of appetite control and a mainly passive (sedentary) lifestyle based on steadily decreasing physical activity which leads to a pathological energy balance and obesity.
This development causes a situation where one out of every five American dollars spent on health care in the United States of America is for the treatment of obesity.
Therefore, this issue of Hamdan Medical Journal is focusing on this immense health problem and offers its readers the latest state-of-the-art reviews dealing with the pathophysiology as well as the newest treatment options.