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Knowledge and attitude about blood donation and its subtype (autologous blood donation) among medical students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

BK AlBalawi
Published in : HAMDAN MEDICAL JOURNAL ; Vol 8, No 4 (2015): Supplement Issue
DOI : 10.7707/hmj.560

Abstract


Introduction: Blood transfusion is a life-saving medical procedure. Autologous blood transfusion, which is also called self-donation, is the collection and reinfusion of the patient’ s own blood or blood components. It should be the transfusion therapy of choice, or at least, fully and carefully considered.

Objectives: To test knowledge and attitude of medical students regarding blood donation and its subtype (autologous blood donation) in different colleges in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 161 medical students, randomly selected from all years in different medical colleges in KSA. A web-based self-administrated, structured English questionnaire was used to test knowledge and attitude of medical students regarding blood donation and its subtype (autologous blood donation). The collected data were entered and analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 19 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA).

Results: Adequate knowledge about the blood vessels used for blood donation was present in only 68.0% of students. Complications of blood transfusion as a procedure and for the donor were known by 84% and 80% of students, respectively. Regarding autologous blood donation, 55% of students had not heard of it, 74% did not know its subtypes, 63% did not know about its benefits, 58% did not know that it is the safest method of blood donation, 53% of students refused to undergo this type of transfusion and 74% of students would not encourage others to use this method.

Conclusions: Inadequate knowledge about blood donation, as well as autologous blood transfusion, is considered a serious problem among medical students who are future physicians. Recommendations include health campaigns to increase awareness in the community about blood donation and autologous blood transfusion, increase awareness about blood donation and autologous blood donation among medical students and increase the role of physicians in the city of Tabuk and KSA as whole to increase awareness about autologous blood transfusion in our society.

 


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