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Does lifestyle influence musculoskeletal pain among Saudi university students?

L Al-Abdulqader, M Al-Harfi, R Al-Sadhan
Published in : HAMDAN MEDICAL JOURNAL ; Vol 8, No 4 (2015): Supplement Issue
DOI : 10.7707/hmj.568

Abstract


Introduction: Chronic musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is common and has a high socioeconomic relevance. It affects more than 1.7 billion people worldwide and this burden has increased by 45% during the past 20 years.

Objectives: To highlight predictive factors that may influence MSP among different grades of Saudi university students.

Materials and methods: The study was cross-sectional among a random sample of 115 students in different Saudi universities. Students’  lifestyle characteristics, personal particulars and physical activities were measured. The study was conducted over a 4-month period from December 2013 to March 2014.

Results: A total of 115 Saudi university students participated in the study. More than half of the participants (68.7%) complained of MSP. The most prevalent sites were the back (44.3%), neck and shoulders (30.4%). Long periods of sitting were reported as the most common cause of musculoskeletal pain. However, bad postural sitting was reported to be the most frequent cause of MSP. Single females had a higher prevalence of MSP. The percentage of MSP among males who exercised was less than the percentage of those who lacked physical activity.

Conclusions: This study strengthens the findings that MSP is common among college students and it is influenced by their lifestyle and daily activity.

Acknowledgements: The authors thank Dr Sayed for his contributions in the statistical analysis and the subjects whose participation helped to accomplish this study.


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