Table of Contents  

Elevated blood pressure in Emirati adolescents – role of obesity?

S Al Tandi, M Al Aghbari, A Al Marzouqi, N Al Zaabi, S Al Hadrami, SM Shah
Published in : HAMDAN MEDICAL JOURNAL ; Vol 8, No 4 (2015): Supplement Issue
DOI : 10.7707/hmj.604

Abstract


Introduction: Although obesity is increasing fast, there are few data on the prevalence of high– normal or elevated blood pressure in the United Arab Emirates.

Objectives: To investigate the role of obesity in elevated blood pressure in Emirati adolescents.

Materials and methods: We conducted a school-based survey of a representative sample of youth (n =1524) aged 12 to 18 years in Al Ain, UAE. Blood pressure (BP) measurements were made with a manual sphygmomanometer by trained nurses. Additional measures, included height, weight and abdominal circumference were taken. Body mass index ≥ 85th and ≥ 95th percentiles were used to define overweight and obesity according to the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. The prevalence of ‘ high normal’  and ‘elevated’  BP was assessed by comparing subjects’ systolic BP and diastolic BP with age-, gender- and height-specific 90th and 95th percentile reference values from the US National High Blood Pressure Education Program. Metabolic syndrome was defined using International Diabetes Federation guidelines.

Results: A high proportion of Emirati adolescents (21%) were obese compared with their non-local counterparts (16%). Six per cent of adolescents had elevated blood pressure. A high proportion (19.1%) of obese children had elevated blood pressure compared with those who were overweight (4.8%) and normal (2.1%). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was high (42%) among the obese compared with their counterparts who were overweight (14%) and normal weight (5%).

Conclusions: The present findings emphasize the importance of prevention of obesity in order to prevent future cardiovascular related problems, such as hypertension.


View article in  :   PDF     HTML    



Add comment 





Home  Editorial Board  Search  Current Issue  Archive Issues  Announcements  Aims & Scope  About the Journal  How to Submit  Contact Us
Find out how to become a part of the HMJ  |   CLICK HERE >>
© Copyright 2012 - 2013 HMJ - HAMDAN Medical Journal. All Rights Reserved         Website Developed By Cedar Solutions INDIA