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Neonatal bilateral chylothorax treated by octreotide
Chylothorax is a type of abnormal leak and accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space. Although clinically rare, chylothorax is the most common cause of pleural effusion in neonates and is usually idiopathic in nature. Chylothorax causes significant respiratory problems as well as nutritional and immunological issues. Patients unresponsive to medical management usually require a surgical intervention such as pleurodesis. We report the case of a full-term infant with an idiopathic bilateral chylothorax who was treated with octreotide (a long-acting somatostatin analogue) after failure of conservative nutritional management. The infant responded well and tolerated the medication without complications.