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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-9

Extraoesophageal reflux manifestations of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Correspondence Address:
Berit Schneider-Stickler
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/HMJ.HMJ_8_19

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Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as a condition when the reflux of gastric content causes troublesome symptoms or complications. Gastro-oesophageal reflux is associated with numerous pathologic conditions of the upper aerodigestive tract. GERD can be subclassified into oesophageal and extraoesophageal syndromes. Extraoesophageal manifestations can be either pulmonary or otorhinolaryngological. This review provides an overview of most important extra-oesophageal reflux manifestations in GERD patients.

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