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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-32

Study of general health and haematological status of automobile garage workers exposed to toxicants: Comparison with office workers

1 Department of Community Medicine, Father Muller Medical College, Kankanady, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Father Muller Research Centre, Kankanady, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Manjeshwar Shrinath Baliga
Mangalore Institute of Oncology, Pumpwell, Mangaluru - 575 001, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/hmj.hmj_53_21

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Background: Automobile Garage Workers are exposed to a range of toxicants and depending on the level and duration of exposure various health effects are observed. The current study was undertaken to understand the haematological status and general health among garage workers when compared with occupationally nonexposed participants in Mangalore, India. Objectives: In this study, an attempt is made at understanding the general health and haematological status of garage workers by comparing them with age-matched controls (office workers) from the same area. Materials and Methods: This was a purposive, comparative cross-sectional study, and a camp-based approach was done with willing volunteers. The socio-demographic details were collected in a structured questionnaire, while a detailed clinical examination was carried out by senior clinicians and blood collected was analysed for haematological parameters. Knowledge of occupational safety and health insurance was also collected from the garage workers. The data were subjected to frequency and percentage and analysed using X2 and t-test, P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In this study, most of the garage workers (58.6%) were involved in mechanical work and 91.3% of them did not use any kind of protective measures. Joint pain (13.04%) was the most common ailment, whereas in the office workers, back pain was common (6.52%). In the garage workers, awareness of health-related problems due to their occupation was less. In addition, none of the garage workers had any kind of employees' state insurance benefits. When compared with the controls, there was a significant difference in haematological parameters and eosinophilia was more in garage workers. Conclusions: The results of the study indicate that garage workers have occupation-related health issues and that appropriate and effective safety measures need to be taken by the workers to prevent possible chemical exposure during routine tasks.

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